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AN IMPERFECT STORM  

2011-07-04 08:36:54|  分类: 特别推荐Especial |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Nov 13th 2009
From The World in 2010 print edition
By Simon Cox, DELHI
Thanks partly to the monsoon, manufacturing will overtake agriculture for the first time in India
一定程度上得归功于季风气候,印度的制造业总值将首次超越农业。
From the village of Vijay Pura in the Indian state of Rajasthan, the global financial crisis seems remote. The downturn is something people here read about in the newspapers, according to Dhanna Singh, a member of the Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS), a union of activists and farmers. The villages have welcomed back migrant workers from neighbouring states, where people no longer find work twisting steel in Mumbai or polishing diamonds in Surat. But, by and large, India’s rural poor were protected from the crisis by the same things that make them poor. If you never had secure employment or many financial assets, you cannot lose them to the crisis.
对于印度拉贾斯坦邦维杰.普拉村来说,全球性金融危机似乎很遥远。根据德哈那.辛格,一名积极分子与农场主联合会MKSS成员的说法,经济低迷只是这里的人们从报纸上读到的谈资而已。很多移民工人从邻国返回到这里,因为他们在那儿找不到工作,既不能在孟买扭钢筋,也不能在苏拉特磨钻石。总的来说,印度贫困地区的人民因其贫困而免受经济危机的影响,因为,既然没有可靠就业和大量的财务资产,也就不会在经济危机中丧失。
In Rajasthan, this resilience is also the result of government policy. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), extended to every rural district in April 2008, is supposed to offer 100 days of work a year, at the minimum wage, to every rural household that needs it. Rajasthan, a parched state with a long history of drought-relief works, comes closer to fulfilling that promise than anywhere else, providing 68 days of work on average in the year to March 2008, according to a survey published in Frontline, an Indian newsweekly. Vijay Pura is cross-hatched with hard-packed roads built by people on the act’s payroll. Thanks to the roll-out of the NREGA and a hike in the minimum wage, “People here are feeling a sense of security for the first time,” says Shankar Singh of the MKSS. 
在拉贾斯坦邦,这次经济反弹也是政府政策的产物。2008年四月全国农村地区就业保证法案扩展到了每一个农村地区,在最低工资下有望在一年里提供100天的工作时间给每一个需要的家庭。发表在印度的一家新闻周刊《前线》的调查显示,从今年到2008年三月,拉贾斯坦邦这个有着悠久抗旱历史的的“旱邦”将提供平均68